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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-18

From rape to sexual assault: Legal provisions and mental health implications

Department of Psychiatry, MAMC and GB Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. R C Jiloha
Department of Psychiatry, MAMC and GB Pant Hospital, New Delhi - 110 002
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-9962.161992

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Sexual assault in various forms has been recognized as a crime by almost all religions and cultures throughout the recorded history. It is a crime against basic human rights of an individual and a most common crime against women in India. In India, "rape laws" began with the enactment of Indian Penal Code in 1860. There have been subsequent amendments, and the main issue of focus remained the definition of rape which has been recently broadened to include a wide range of sexual activities. The inclusion of "marital rape" in the ambit of rape remains a matter of debate. With a long history, the sexual offence in the form of sexual assault has been discussed from legal and mental health perspective in this presentation. Social and psychological impact of sexual assault on the victim has also been discussed.

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