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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 141-147

Restraint and seclusion in India

Department of Psychiatry, National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, AIIMS, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Sudhir K Khandelwal
Department of Psychiatry, National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, AIIMS, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-9962.173294

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Psychiatric management in India often includes the practice of restraint and seclusion of violent and difficult to control patients, both in inpatient medical facilities and in places of traditional healing. However, without any informed guidelines and regulation, these practices have flourished from necessary last resort to accepted ways of control. The upcoming draft mental health bill have now provided with a set of basic guidelines for preventing restraint. The scientific literature is also sparse on the subject from India, despite a robust body of evidence being available from the Western literature. This review, summarizes the evidence from India, looks into the causes and outcomes of restraint and seclusion and also discusses methods and stratagems that might be beneficial for reducing restraint and seclusion in the country.

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