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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 125-129

Quality of life among patients with depression: Impact of self-stigma

Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Rajindra Hospital, Patiala, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rohit Garg
Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Rajindra Hospital, Patiala - 147 001, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijsp.ijsp_32_19

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Background: Health-related quality of life (QoL) is an important aspect in the recovery of mental illness. There is ample research evidence that evaluates the reduced QoL and stigma in the various mental illnesses, but there has been paucity of the literature exploring the impact of self-stigma and its correlation with QoL in patients with depression. Aim of the Study: This study aims to find the impact of self-stigma on QoL of patients with depression and also find the correlates of QoL. Methods: A total sample of 150 patients was recruited from the outpatient department of psychiatry of a tertiary care medical college and hospital in North India in August and September, 2018. The patients recruited were in symptomatic remission and were assessed on Hindi versions of WHOQOL Bref and self-stigma scale. Results: After the statistical analysis, it was revealed that majority of the sample were young (47.33%), urban (54%), females (57.33%) who were married (52%), and living in joint families (59.33%). Most affected domain of QoL was satisfaction with psychological health with score 39.62 ± 10.29 and the least affected was satisfaction with environment with score 58.23 ± 14.90. Significant correlation was found between the sociodemographic factors, self-stigma, and QoL. Younger patients had a better QoL on psychological domain. Female patients had a better overall QoL (Q1) and better satisfaction with psychological health and satisfaction with environment. Conclusion: Depression has a significant correlation with the deterioration in QoL of patients. The burden of self-stigma further significantly deteriorates the QoL of patients with depression.

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