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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 243-253

A pilot trial of a manualized psychoeducation module for parents of children with autism with intellectual disability and intellectual disability alone


1 Department of Psychiatry and De-addiction, Centre of Excellence in Mental Health, ABVIMS - Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, ATC-Central Council of Research in Ayurvedic Sciences, Dept. of Psychiatry, PGIMER- Dr. R.M.L Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Smita N Deshpande
Department of Psychiatry, and De-addiction, Centre of Excellence for Mental Health, ABVIMS - Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Sheikh Mujibur Rehman Marg, New Delhi - 110 001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijsp.ijsp_128_19

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Objectives: Children with autism with/without intellectual disability (ID) and ID alone require regular interventions. Psychoeducation (PE) can empower parents with intervention strategies. The aim of this study was to develop the test efficacy of a simple, short manualized PE module for parents of children with autism with/without comorbid ID and for ID alone. We focused on both autism and ID (A-ID) because we felt that both the groups could benefit from this module. Methods: A special module for PE was developed after literature review, inputs from a study group, and discussion with experts. Parents attended eight fortnightly intervention sessions. Children were assessed on the Developmental Screening Test, Indian Scale for Assessment of Autism (ISAA), and the Behavioral Assessment Scale for Indian Children with Mental Retardation (BASIC-MR) before starting and 1 month after completing PE. Results: Consenting parent of parents/of 16 children with A-ID and 14 with ID completed sessions with pre- and postassessment. There was a significant improvement in the majority of domains of ISAA and BASIC-MR Part B in children with both conditions. Conclusions: PE has a wide scope for use across various developmental disorders. The module developed is promising for a wide variety of field workers.


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