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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 346-350

Effect of motivational enhancement therapy and behavioral couple therapy in subjects of alcohol dependence syndrome: A comparative study


1 Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Saurav Kumar
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijsp.ijsp_443_20

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Background: Alcohol dependence is a wide and extending social and physical problem in the world. It affects a person at the individual, family, and society levels. The aim is to study and compare the influence of motivational enhancement therapy (MET) and behavioral couple therapy on the level of motivation in a person with alcohol dependence. Methodology: Pre- and post-test with control group design was used. A total number of 60 subjects were selected using a purposive sampling method. The sample comprised twenty subjects in the behavioral couple therapy treatment as usual (Behavioral couple therapy BCT + TAU) group, twenty subjects in the control (TAU) group, and twenty subjects in the (MET + TAU) group, respectively. The subjects recruited were in the age range of 21–60 years, educated up to primary level and above, with no comorbid psychiatric, neurological disorder, physical problem, multiple substance use coming to outpatient department and inpatient department Department of Psychiatry IMS, BHU, Varanasi, and wife having age above 18 years, married for at least 1 year, educated up to primary level and above. Tools: sociodemographic datasheets, alcohol use disorder identification test, general health questionnaire-12, and stages of change readiness and treatment eagerness scale were utilized. Results: Psychotherapeutic intervention such as MET and behavioral couple therapy plays an effective role in raising motivation to change in alcohol-dependent person to quit alcohol, which is indicated by the significant rise in motivation for the change of alcohol-dependent person's recognition (F = 4.42, P < 0.05) and taking steps (F==3.78, P < 0.05). Conclusion: The present study suggests that combining pharmacological treatment with appropriate psychosocial therapies give fruitful result in the form of a desire to quit alcohol dependence.


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